It’s time again for some healthful and helpful information from the office of Antoine Dental Center. We enjoy reaching out to the good people of Houston and providing you with ideas and information that will help you maintain your oral health. Nothing is more valuable in the fight against tooth decay and gum disease than knowledge, and that is what this blog is all about.
Having knowledge about how your teeth work and how they are built will help you to protect them better. Understanding how your body works, the individual systems, as well as the whole, is a vital aspect of healthy living. That is why this blog is going to focus on the functions and parts of your teeth.
The Anatomy of a Tooth
Each tooth is comprised of two main parts: the crown, which is the top of the tooth visible above the gumline, and the root, which anchors your tooth into your jaw below the gumline.
Enamel – The hard outer layer that covers the crown of your tooth in the enamel, and it is the strongest substance in your whole body. However, if you do not practice preventive care with strong oral hygiene routines, your enamel will suffer. As hard as it is, your enamel can be eroded by acid. The bacteria known as dental caries turns sugar into acid, and many of the foods and beverages you consume contain acid. So if you are not making wise eating choices, tooth decay may damage your enamel, making its way through the rest of your tooth.
Dentin – Not quite as hard as enamel, but harder than bone, dentin is the next layer of your tooth. Even though it is hard, it is also porous, which means if the dentin becomes exposed, as the result of injury or tooth decay, air and liquid can get to the nerves at the center of your tooth, causing pain and discomfort.
Pulp – At the center of your tooth is the soft, fleshy material known as pulp. This part of your tooth contains tiny nerves and blood vessels, so if decay makes it all the way to the pulp, it will be painful and could cost you the tooth. It is almost certain that you will require a root canal in such a situation.
Cementum – The root of your tooth is not protected by enamel or dentin. Instead, it is covered by a thin layer of yellow material similar to bone. This material is called cementum, and rather than protect your tooth from outside threats, it is designed to hold your tooth in place. Your cementum is covered with a layer of gum tissues, which further secures your tooth in place.
The Types of Teeth and Their Function
Incisor – These eight teeth are your front teeth, top and bottom. They are most prominent when you talk or smile. Their function is to bite and cut your food, but they they are also very important to speech.
Cuspid – Also known as canines, these four teeth hold your food in place as you bite. They are also fairly visible when you talk and and smile, so they also serve a valuable cosmetic function.
Premolar – These eight teeth are your transition from front teeth to back teeth. They are sometime visible when smiling, so they are important cosmetically, but their main function is to grind and smash food when you chew.
Molar – These are your back teeth. They are also used for grinding and smashing food, and they are seldom visible, so they are not generally a part of your beautiful smile.
Tooth Replacement in Houston, TX
Each tooth has a specific function, and if the tooth is lost to decay, then that function is compromised. Not only will missing teeth affect your smile, they will also make chewing more difficult and weaken your oral health.
At Antoine Dental Center we provide a variety of tooth replacement solutions. Replacing missing teeth will restore your smile, strengthen your chewing power, and help protect your remaining teeth from further decay.
Let Us Help
Don’t let missing teeth threaten our health and lifestyle. Part of enjoying life is having the freedom to eat your favorite foods and to show off a beautiful smile. Antoine Dental Center can help you do just that.
Contact us today to schedule an appointment.